CLaSSES is a digital resource which gathers non-literary Latin texts (epigraph, writing tablets, letters) of different periods and provinces of the Roman Empire. This corpus has been tagged with linguistic and extra-linguistic information that allows to analyze the spelling variations in Latin epigraphic sources in the light of the sociolinguistic context of the Roman world.
CLaSSES is structured in three different sections. The first section, Rome and Italy, collects more than 1200 Latin inscriptions, dating between the 6th BC and 1st AD, mainly from Rome and Central Italy. The second section, Roman Britain, at the moment gathers 200 ink-written tablets from Vindolanda (561 new tablets will be added soon). The third section, Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean, gathers 219 letters dating between the 1st century BC and the 6th century AD from the North-African and Near-East areas. The fourth section, currently under construction, will collect 1184 inscriptions from Sardinia, dating between the 1st BC and 7th AD.
The Database was developed at the Department of Philology, Literature and Linguistics of the University of Pisa, within the research project Linguistic representations of identity. Sociolinguistic models and historical linguistics (National Coordinator: Piera Molinelli, PRIN2010, prot. 2010HXPFF2_001; see http://www.mediling.eu/ for further information).
Principal Investigator: Giovanna Marotta
Collaborators: Serena Barchi, Francesca Cotugno, Irene De Felice, Margherita Donati, Francesco Rovai, Lucia Tamponi.